Agribusiness how it works?
Agribusiness is doing business with agricultural products. Agribusiness is a term that bridges Agriculture and Business. Covid -19 Pandemic Impact on Agribusiness is a very important aspect of any countries economy. Agribusiness includes all business entities that buy from or sell to farmers. The transaction can include a product, a commodity, or a service and involves products such as feed, crop, fertilizer facilities, electricity, machinery, etc. Agricultural goods, such as food and fiber, etc. Facilitative services, such as loans, marketing of insurance, storage, manufacturing, transport, packaging, distribution, etc. Agribusiness how it works? important aspects are discussed below:
Food as a product:
Food is essential for everyone’s survival and wellness. Food is one of humanity’s most basic requirements, and it serves as the foundation for economic development; nations prioritize feeding their people before focusing on higher-order demands. As a result, food is regarded as a vital component of national security. As a result, the food system attracts government attention in ways that other industries do not.
Production agriculture’s biological nature:
Crops and cattle are both living organisms with biological organs. Crops and livestock are particularly vulnerable to factors beyond human control due to their biological origin. Weather variations and extremes, pests, diseases, and weeds are examples of elements that have a significant impact on productivity. These factors have an impact on crop and livestock output, and they must be carefully managed. However, in many circumstances, there is little that can be done to directly alter them. Examples include a sow’s gestation cycle and the climate needs of wine grapes.
Seasonal character of business:
Food and agribusiness enterprises might encounter very seasonal business problems, partly due to the biological basis of food production. This seasonality is sometimes influenced by supply, like when enormous volumes of corn and soybeans are harvested in the fall. Seasonality is sometimes driven by demand – the ice cream business, like the markets for turkey and cranberries, has a sequence of seasonal peaks and falls. Food and agribusiness managers face unique challenges as a result of such ebbs and flow in supply and demand.
Food and agriculture companies must contend with the whims of nature. Most agribusinesses are constantly threatened by drought, floods, insects, and disease. Weather is a concern for all market participants, from the lender to the crop production chemical manufacturer. A late spring can cause major logistical issues for companies that sell crop inputs. A food retailer’s well-planned promotional event can be ruined by bad weather over a major holiday period.
In the food and agriculture industries, there is a great deal of diversity in the sorts of enterprises. The list goes on and on, from farmers to transportation companies, brokers, wholesalers, processors, manufacturers, storage companies, mining companies, financial institutions, retailers, food chains, and restaurants. From the time seed wheat is processed for export to the farmer until it is placed on the retail grocer’s shelf, a loaf of bread passes through a variety of business enterprises. The food and agribusiness ecosystem is shaped by the diversity in size and type of agribusinesses, which range from giants like ConAgra to small family farms. There is a wide range of market situations. The food and agribusiness markets feature a diverse range of firm types and risk characteristics, which has resulted in a diverse set of market structures. Cotton producers are in an almost classic situation of a perfectly competitive market in which individual suppliers have essentially little price effect. Coca-Cola and PepsiCo, on the other hand, enjoy a virtual duopoly in the soft drink sector. Some marketplaces are international, while others are regional. Some markets have nearly equal negotiating power between buyers and sellers, while others are wildly out of balance on one side or the other.
Small towns and rural areas are home to a large number of agriculture firms. As a result, food and agriculture are expected to be the rural economy’s backbone, and they play a critical role in rural economic development.
The government plays a critical role in food and agribusiness due to practically all of the other factors mentioned above. Commodity prices and farm revenue are influenced by some government programs. Others want to protect the consumer’s health by providing safe food and better nutrition information. Other policies govern the use of crop protection agents and the disposal of animal waste by livestock breeders. Tariffs and quotas have an impact on global trade. Food stamps and school meal programs serve to shape food demand. The government has a significant impact on the job of food and agriculture management through rules and regulations. Each of these unique aspects of the food production and marketing system has an impact on the environment in which an agribusiness manager works.
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