Conception and Feasibility of Projects in Agribusiness

Conception and Feasibility of Projects in Agribusiness
Conception and Feasibility of Projects in Agribusiness

Conception and Feasibility of Projects in Agribusiness 

The conception of the Project in Agribusiness:

The method of determining the exact scope of a project begins with the conception of an industrial project. Project creation typically begins with the expression of a need or a potential that will support the company’s interests and ends with the formulation of one or more tentative solutions that will, theoretically, meet the company’s requirements as originally proposed. Despite being demonstrated by an industrial initiative, the method outlined here has characteristics that are explicitly transferable to conceptual evolution across a wide range of applications. The reality that the initiative in question has been postponed is not uncommon during the conceptual stage of certain projects.

Stages of Project Conceptualization in Agribusiness:

The basic conceptualization of a project ranges in complexity depending on the scope of the project and the company’s particular review and acceptance procedures. The company’s planning approach can necessitate the development of programs that cover several projects. The overall initiative should then come first, followed by the actual unique projects.

The following tasks are included in the conceptual stage:

  1. The definition of a necessity or an incentive that affects the company’s interests.
  2. Production of a range of provisional options capable of achieving the initial criteria.
  3. Identifying alternative(s) that can meet the criteria in terms and conditions that are appealing to the business.

Following is a brief overview of each of these tasks in a particular scenario and in a well-organized setting:

Description of the Incentive Requirement in Agribusiness:

The key reasons for capital investments in manufacturing companies are the continuation of productive activities and the opening of new business areas. Operational analyses of actual results and predictions of the most possible scenarios were used to identify investment opportunities. Any new investment’s breadth is likely to be hazy at first. Following that, all applicable information, necessary tools, and limitations associated with the original concept are taken into account.

Alternatives Preliminary Formulation in Agribusiness:

Project conception begins with the advancement of alternatives capable of achieving the stated goals. The pace of the subsequent definition and elaboration of the project scope is set by the preliminary formulation of alternatives. During this process, the company taps into the expertise and ingenuity of its technicians, managers, and directors to come up with a sufficient set of options to meet the stated need.

Initial Alternative Selection in Agribusiness:

After the alternatives have been established, comparative studies are conducted to determine which is the most beneficial and which is the least appealing. The selection process begins with a simple feasibility review of each choice and the development of parameters that will allow the most appealing alternatives to be identified. Further analysis of the rejected option, as well as the need to plan elaborate meanings for them, comes to an end at this point. Each of the chosen alternatives’ expense, timetable, viability, and other significant advantages and disadvantages are ranked in order of magnitude. Without defining specific project criteria, the discrepancy between the options is still sought.

Analysis of Feasibility in Agribusiness:

A feasibility analysis is an empirical instrument used during the project design phase that demonstrates how a company will function under a certain set of assumptions. These assumptions cover the project’s infrastructure (facilities, types of machinery, production process, and so on) as well as its financial aspects (capital needs, volume, cost of goods, wages, etc.).

What is a Feasibility Analysis in Agribusiness?

A feasibility report, as the name suggests, is an examination of an idea’s effectiveness. The feasibility study attempts to address the critical question, “Should anyone go ahead with the planned project idea?” The study’s activities are all aimed toward addressing this issue. Feasibility studies may be used in a variety of contexts, but they are most often used to evaluate potential business plans. Farmers and those with a business concept should do a feasibility analysis to see if their idea is viable before moving forward with its growth.

Early detection of a business idea’s failure saves time, effort, and heartache later. A profitable business enterprise is one that generates both cash flow and earnings, can handle the risks it will face, is long-term viable, and meets the founders’ objectives. A new start-up business, the acquisition of an existing business, the extension of current business activities, or the creation of a new corporation with an existing business are all possibilities. A feasibility project overview is included in the information file to provide instructions on how to continue with the study and what to include.

A feasibility analysis is only one step in the process of evaluating and developing a business concept. Reviewing this process and reading the material below will help anyone to understand the significance of the feasibility study. Once producers have debated a number of market proposals or scenarios, a feasibility report is typically completed. The feasibility analysis assists in the “framing” and “fleshing-out” of particular market options so that they can be fully explored. Typically, the number of market options under review is easily limited through this phase.

Anyone should look at different ways of planning a company and positioning a product in the market during the feasibility phase. It’s like going on an adventure, and you could take several detours before arriving at your destination. Only because the original review is unfavorable does not rule out the likelihood that the plan has potential if structured differently or if business dynamics would improve for the project to be feasible. Limitations or defects in the proposal may also be fixed. To better figure out relevant options, a pre-feasibility review might be performed first.

Anyone would want to do their own pre-feasibility review before embarking on a full-fledged feasibility report. It will save time and money if anyone learns early on that the new company plan is not viable. If the results lead to do feasibility report, its analysis could have settled any fundamental issues. The pre-feasibility report could be supported by a contractor, but it should be interesting.

This is a chance to hear about market planning issues. A demand analysis may be carried out to help decide the feasibility of a proposed product in the market. The competition appraisal will assist in identifying market or business segment opportunities. There could be no need to perform a feasibility study if no opportunities are uncovered. If prospects are discovered, the demand research will help focus and steer the creation of business options for the feasibility study.

The market analysis would include a lot of detail for the feasibility study’s marketing portion. The feasibility study’s findings should detail the different solutions discussed, as well as the consequences, strengths, and shortcomings of each. The project leaders must examine the feasibility report and question its conclusions. Now is the time for cynicism. Anyone shouldn’t expect one choice to “jump off the list” as the strongest. Feasibility tests do not turn positive or pessimistic immediately.

It’s possible that no good or bad result will arise when anyone gathers facts and explores alternatives. It’s not really easy to decide whether or not to continue. Significant roadblocks can arise, placing the project in jeopardy. These flaws can also be overcome. Rarely does the study result in a resoundingly optimistic conclusion. The report will assist anyone in weighing the costs and benefits of going forward with the business idea. Remember that it is the project leaders’ responsibility, not the feasibility studies or the consultant’s, to determine whether or not to pursue a business concept.

One of the most crucial decisions in corporate planning is whether or not to proceed. It’s the end of the lane. There is normally no going back after you have agreed to pursue a business venture. A big source of evidence in making this decision would be the feasibility report. This emphasizes the significance of a well-crafted feasibility report. A feasibility analysis isn’t the same thing as a business proposal. The feasibility report and business strategy have distinct positions that are often confused. The feasibility report serves as a means of investigation.

It answers the question, “Is this a good business idea?” The business strategy lays out the steps that must be taken to transform the project from “idea” to “fact.” The feasibility report explores and evaluates a variety of various approaches to achieving market growth. As a result, the feasibility report aids in narrowing the project’s reach and identifying the right business model. The business strategy only considers one option or model. The feasibility analysis assists in narrowing the project’s reach by specifying and describing two or three possibilities or possibilities. The feasibility study consultant may coordinate with the community to identify the “best” alternative.

The business strategy is built on this foundation. Prior to writing the business plan, a feasibility report is done. Only after the business idea has been determined to be viable is a business strategy written. If a new business enterprise is deemed viable, a business plan is produced that lays out a “roadmap” for how the company will be built and expanded. The strategic strategy serves as a “roadmap” for implementing the idea.

If the venture is considered unviable, attempts may be taken to fix its defects, other solutions may be pursued, or the project may be discarded. Project managers may feel pressed to skip the “feasibility study” phase and get right to work on constructing a business. This stage could be skipped due to pressure from both within and outside the project.

The below are some of the reasons offered for not doing a feasibility analysis:

  • If anyone knows it is feasible. It’s already been done by a company.
  • Why perform a new feasibility report since a previous one was conducted just a few years ago?
  • Feasibility studies are simply a tool for contractors to benefit.
  • Why not just employ a general manager who will perform the study?
  • The feasibility review has already been completed by the company that will give us the machinery.
  • Feasibility tests are pointless. Anyone must purchase the building, protect the site, and send bids for the equipment.

The foregoing factors do not stop undertaking a detailed and reliable feasibility report. It is always impossible to change one’s mind after a decision has been taken to continue with a planned business. It’s possible that anyone will have to deal with these choices for a long time. Plan selection is effectively a two-part method from a financial viewpoint. To begin, the company will do a feasibility analysis to see if the project is feasible. The second step is to do a benefit-to-cost review to determine whether or not the corporation can go ahead with it.

The feasibility study’s goal is to ensure that the project satisfies cost, technical, protection, marketability, and ease-of-implementation criteria. The business could employ independent contractors or Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) to help with feasibility assessments and benefit-to-cost evaluations. It’s possible that a project manager won’t be named until the feasibility report is finished. Senior management also uses ranking templates to elicit feedback from Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) and lower-level managers as part of the feasibility process during project selection.

The market and/or technical requirements against which the ratings will be rendered are typically defined in the rating models. Following the assessment of the viability, a benefit-to-cost review is undertaken to ensure that the proposal can have the requisite financial and nonfinancial benefits if performed correctly. Benefit-to-cost analyses necessitate a much more thorough examination of data than is typically available during a feasibility analysis. This can be a costly endeavor.

Feasibility Types in Agribusiness:

The following are the different forms of feasibility:

Feasibility from a technological standpoint in Agribusiness:

This section examines the project’s engineering viability, including structural, civil, and other related engineering aspects required by the design. The personnel’s technological skills, as well as the expected technology to be used in the project, are taken into consideration. Technology transition between geographical areas and cultures must be studied in certain cases, especially where projects are in third-world countries, to consider productivity loss (or gain) and other consequences due to variations in topography, climate, fuel supply, infrastructure support, and other issues.

Organizational Feasibility in Agribusiness:

To assess managerial viability, core elements include demonstrated management capacity and availability, employee engagement, and dedication. This section reflects on the project’s management and operational framework, ensuring that the proponent’s structure fits the submittal’s definition and is well-suited to the form of activity being performed.

Feasibility of Economic in Agribusiness:

Which is concerned with the project’s potential to achieve economic benefits. A benefit-cost analysis (comparing the cost of other approaches to the same or similar problem in the manner proposed by the project to the cost of other approaches to the same or similar problem) is required. When assessing the economic feasibility of a project, breakeven analysis is also needed. (This section covers fixed and variable costs, as well as consumption and revenue forecasts.) To promote a clear framework for assessment, the tangible and intangible dimensions of a project should be converted into economic terms. And if a proposal is not for profit, it must be financially viable.

Financial Feasibilities in Agribusiness:

It’s important to differentiate between financial and economic viability. Financial viability refers to the project organization’s willingness to collect the necessary funds to carry out the planned project. Plan promoters also opt to include external donors or other funding mechanisms for their ventures. The viability, soundness, origins, and implementations of these project funds may be a roadblock in these circumstances. As part of the financial viability study, debt availability, creditworthiness, equity, and loan timeline should all be considered. The study of the consequences of land sales, rentals, and other estates in this field is also included.

Cultural Feasibilities in Agribusiness:

The continuity of the planned project with the project’s cultural environment is referred to as cultural viability. Designed duties of labor-intensive programs must be integrated with local cultural traditions and values. Religious convictions, for example, can affect what a person is willing to do or not do.

Social Feasibility in Agribusiness:  

Social feasibility is concerned with the impact that a planned project could have on the social structure in the project area. Certain types of workers may be in short supply or scarce due to the social arrangement of the environment. To maintain compatibility, the project’s impact on the project participants’ social standing must be determined. It should be noted that workers in some sectors may have certain social status markers.

Safety Feasibility in Agribusiness:

 Another significant consideration to consider in project design is safety feasibility. The term “safety viability” refers to an assessment of whether a proposal can be initiated and run safely with minimum environmental impact. Unfortunately, environmental risk assessment is often overlooked in large-scale programs.

Political Feasibility in Agribusiness:

 A new project’s course is often dictated by political considerations. This is especially relevant for high-profile initiatives that may require substantial government intervention and political repercussions. Political obligation, for example, can be a pillar of funding for a project regardless of its merits. Worthy ventures, on the other hand, may face insurmountable resistance due to political reasons. Public viability review necessitates a comparison of mission objectives to the political system’s current objectives.

Environmental Feasibility in Agribusiness:

 Sometimes a project’s downfall attributable to prolonged approval procedures and outright resistance from those claiming environmental issues. This is an area that should be given serious consideration in the early stages of a project. Concern must be expressed, and steps must be taken to resolve any and all environmental issues that have been posted or that could be raised in the future. This portion also considers the project’s ability to receive necessary permits, licenses, and approvals on schedule and at an affordable rate.

Business Feasibility in Agribusiness:  

This is not the same as Economic Feasibility. The competition requires an investigation to determine the possible effects of market growth, competitive practices, and available market share. Competitors’ potential strategic practices, whether local, state, global, or international, must be evaluated for early contingency financing and impacts on operational costs during the project’s start-up, ramp-up, and commercial start-up stages.

Benefits, both real and intangible in Agribusiness:

It’s impossible to measure benefits and expenses in a timely manner. Benefits are often described as:

  • Tangible benefits that can be accurately quantified and calculated in terms of dollars.
  • Intangible advantages that can’t be weighed in dollars but can be defined and described subjectively. Costs are much more difficult to estimate, at least in a timely and cost-effective way. The expenses that must be calculated at a minimum are those that can be used to compare the benefits.

This include:

  • Current running expenses or the expense of doing business in the current environment.
  • Expenditures that are planned should be budgeted for in the future.
  • Expenses that are impossible to calculate, such as intangible expenses. If quantifying these costs will add little to the decision-making process, they are often omitted.

Both established limitations and assumptions that were made in designing the costs and benefits must be meticulously recorded. Unrealistic benefits are often triggered by unrealistic or unrecognized expectations. The truth of the assumptions may be the deciding factor in whether or not to proceed with a project.

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Md. Masudul Hassan
CEO & Editor in Chief of this Portal. Md. Masudul Hassan is an Assistant Professor and Coordinator of a Reputed University in Bangladesh. Professional member of International Food and Agribusiness Management Association ( IFAMA ) Performed Numerous Research Regarding Agribusiness. Professional Member of He is also a Reviewer of Numerous International journals Including Elsevier.